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What is Maven ?

Friday, June 5, 2009
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In my office we are using the Maven as the software project management and comprehension tool. Lets see what is this software project management tool. This is a software tool for Java project management and build automation created by Sonatype's Jason van Zyl in 2002. Maven, a Yiddish word meaning accumulator of knowledge, was originally started as an attempt to simplify the build processes in the Jakarta Turbine project. There were several projects each with their own Ant build files that were all slightly different and JARs were checked into CVS. We wanted a standard way to build the projects, a clear definition of what the project consisted of, an easy way to publish project information and a way to share JARs across several projects. It is similar in functionality to the Apache Ant tool, but is based on widely different concepts. Maven is hosted by the Apache Software Foundation, where it was formerly part of the Jakarta Project. Based on the concept of a Project Object Model (POM), Maven can manage a project's build, reporting and documentation from a central piece of information. The result is a tool that can now be used for building and managing any Java-based project. We hope that we have created something that will make the day-to-day work of Java developers easier and generally help with the comprehension of any Java-based project. Maven projects are configured using a Project Object Model, which is stored in a pom.xml-file. This POM only defines a unique identifier for the project (coordinates) and its dependency on the JUnit framework.

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